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Tuesday, October 3, 2023

10 Easy Thai Conjunctions: An Straightforward Information

Conjunction phrases, that are often known as connecting phrases, are some of the vital components of a language. Because the title implies, conjunctions assist us to bridge two or extra clauses, expressions, or phrases into one sentence. You’ll be able to prolong a sentence as a lot as you need by utilizing conjunctions. When you purpose to talk like a Thai native, then begin including Thai conjunctions to create a fuller sort of that means.

What Are Conjunctions In English And Their Distinction With Thai?

Let’s verify this instance in English, after which we’ll see examples of Thai conjunctions.

  1. I met with Tom.
  2. We went to a restaurant. = I met with Tom, and we went to a restaurant, however he left early.
  3. He left early.

Two connecting phrases (and, however) are used to hyperlink three completely different clauses. You’ll be able to resolve which aspect sounds extra fluent. Might that even be the case with the Thai language? Truthfully, studying Thai conjunctions is straightforward, however there are specific issues you must prepare your self with. For example, the capabilities of those conjunctions might differ, and a few of these phrases may even be used interchangeably to offer a special that means.

So now, you could really feel that you’ve got the dangle of talking Thai and saying some quick phrases. These are often shorter, easier sentences that cowl one matter. They might even be quick replies to a query. However what do you do whenever you need to begin growing deeper, extra detailed sentences? That’s the place the conjunction phrases are available in. Utilizing these will allow you to get extra info throughout somewhat than it being break up into smaller components. There are various examples of conjunctions, and so at this time, we shall be overlaying just a few to offer you extra selection. 

Thai Connecting Phrases

As in each different language, utilizing conjunctions in Thai makes your speech simpler to know as a result of seamlessness of the talking sample. Conjunction means คำสันธาน (kham sǎn-thaan) in Thai. Grammatically, there are 4 varieties of Thai conjunction phrases:

  • คำสันธานที่เชื่อมความคล้อยตามกัน (kham sǎn-thaan thîi chûueam khwaam khláauy dtaam gan)

To attach sentences with related meanings.

  • คำสันธานที่เชื่อมใจความขัดแย้งกัน (kham sǎn-thaan thîi chûueam jai-khwaam khàt-yáaeng gan)

To precise opposition.

  • คำสันธานที่เชื่อมใจความให้เลือกอย่างใดอย่างหนึ่ง (kham sǎn- thaan thîi chûueam jai-khwaam hâi lûueak yàang dai yàang nùeng)

To precise different.

  • คำสันธานที่เชื่อมใจความเป็นเหตุเป็นผลกัน (kham sǎn-thaan thîi chûueam jai-khwaam bpen hèet bpen phǒn gan)

To precise trigger and end result.

Thai Conjunctions For Related Meanings

1. และ (láe) – And

Sentence Sample: noun+และ (láe)+noun / phrase+noun+และ (láe)+phrase

The Thai conjunction และ (láe) is used to hyperlink two or extra sentences which have an analogous that means or have the identical perform to one another. กับ (gàp) means and as nicely. They can be utilized interchangeably.

Instance: น้องสาวของฉันและฉันชอบแมว (N̂xng s̄āw okaȳhxng c̄hạn læa c̄hạn chxb mæw)

English: My sister and I like cats.

2. ทั้ง…และ (tháng…láe) – Each…And

Sentence Sample: ทั้ง+noun+และ+noun

The Thai conjunction ทั้ง…และ (tháng…láe) is used to precise two phrases with the identical significance degree.

Instance: เธอชอบทั้งกาแฟและชา (Ṭher chxb thậng kāfæ læa chā)

English: She likes each espresso and tea.

3. แล้ว (láaeo) – After

Sentence Sample: sentence of earlier motion+แล้ว (láaeo)+ sentence of later motion

The Thai conjunction แล้ว (láaeo) is used to precise an order amongst sentences. It connects the earlier sentence to the latter. You should use this Thai phrase to order two actions that occur one after one other. พอ…แล้ว (phaaw…láaeo) additionally means after, however the one distinction is you will need to put พอ (phaaw) in entrance of the motion that occurs first. They can be utilized interchangeably.

Instance: กินข้าวแล้วค่อยกินยา (Gin khâao láaeo khâauy gin yaa)

English: Take the drugs after the meal.

Thai Conjunctions Opposite Meanings

Thai Conjunctions For Reverse Meanings

1. แต่ (dtàae) – However

Sentence Sample: sentence+แต่ (dtàae)+sentence / phrase+แต่ (dtàae)+phrase

The Thai conjunction แต่ (dtàae) is used to hyperlink two sentences with reverse meanings. You’ll be able to hear this phrase rather a lot from Thai individuals.

Instance: ฉันชอบพิซซ่าแต่ฉันไม่ชอบแฮมเบอร์เกอร์ (C̄hạn chxb phiss̀ā tæ̀ c̄hạn mị̀ chxb ḥæmbexr̒kexr̒)

English: I like pizza, however I don’t like hamburgers.

2. อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw dtaam) – Nevertheless

Sentence Sample: sentence+อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw dtaam)+sentence

The Thai conjunction อย่างไรก็ตาม (yàang-rai gâaw ddon’t is used to attach two sentences with reverse meanings, identical to the earlier one.

Instance: ฉันชอบเธออย่างไรก็ตามเธอไม่ชอบฉัน (C̄hạn chxb ṭhex rai gâaw dtaam ṭhex mị̀ chxb c̄hạn)

English: I like her. Nevertheless, she doesn’t like me.

3. ทั้ง ๆ ที่…(แต่) (tháng-tháng-thîi…[dtàae]) – Regardless of

Sentence Sample: ทั้ง ๆ ที่ (tháng-tháng-thîi)+sentence+(แต่ [dtàae])+sentence

The Thai conjunction ทั้ง ๆ ที่…(แต่) (tháng-thándoesn’t[dtàae]) is used to attach two sentences with reverse meanings. It’s elective so as to add แต่ (dtàae).

Instance: ทั้ง ๆ ที่อากาศหนาว เขายังกินไอศครีมอีก (Tháng-tháng-thîi aa-gàat nǎao khǎo yang gin ai-sà-khriim ìik)

English: Regardless of chilly climate, he nonetheless eats ice cream.

Thai Conjunctions For Various Meanings

1. หรือ (rǔue) – Or

Sentence Sample: noun+หรือ (rǔue)+noun

The Thai conjunction หรือ (rǔue) is used to supply alternate options. You should use this Thai phrase to offer decisions to the particular person you discuss to.

Instance: คุณชอบชาหรือกาแฟมากกว่ากัน? (Khuṇ chxb chā rǔue kāfæ mākkẁā kạn?)

English: Do you like tea or espresso?

2. ไม่…ก็ (mâi…gâaw) – Both…Or

Sentence Sample: ไม่ (mâi)+noun+ก็ (gâaw)+noun

The Thai conjunction ไม่…ก็ (mâi…gâaw) is used to point out alternate options.

Instance: ฉันอยากเลี้ยงปลาหรือไม่ก็กระต่าย Chǎn yàak líiang bplaa rǔue mâi gâaw grà-dtàai)

English: I need both a fish or rabbit as my pet.

Thai Conjunctions Cause And Result

Thai Conjunctions For Trigger And End result

1. เพราะ (phráw)- As a result of

Sentence Sample: end result+เพราะ (phráw)+trigger

The Thai conjunction เพราะ (phráw) is used to attach two phrases about trigger and end result. You need to put it after the lead to Thai sentences.

Instance: ฉันประสบความสำเร็จเพราะฉันเรียนหนัก (C̄hạn pras̄b khwām s̄ảrĕc phráw c̄hạn reīyn h̄nạk)

English: I’m profitable as a result of I examine laborious.

2. เพราะฉะนั้น (phráw chà-nán) – So / Subsequently

Sentence Sample: trigger+เพราะฉะนั้น (phráw chà-nán)+end result

The Thai conjunction เพราะฉะนั้น (phráw chà-nán) is used after the trigger in Thai. On this case, it’s completely different than the earlier one.

Instance: คุณพ่ออยากสุขภาพแข็งแรงเพราะฉะนั้นท่านเลยออกกำลังกายทุกวัน (Khun phâaw yàak sùk-khà-phâap khǎeng-raaeng phráw chà-nán thâan looei àawk-gam-lang-gaai thúk-wan)

English: My father needs to be wholesome; due to this fact, he workouts on daily basis.

Study Extra Thai Phrases And Phrases With Ling

Having given the essential details about conjunction phrases, we will now get to the Thai language with some examples. We all know that this matter could also be a bit overwhelming, however if you wish to be taught Thai or know extra concerning the Thai language and tradition, you may strive the Ling app.

If you wish to be taught extra about conjunctions in Thai and different subjects like Thai articles or Thai classifiers, strive the Ling Thai app. It makes studying rather more fascinating with video games and challenges to check your expertise within the language.

The Ling app is a language studying app that features greater than 60 languages. It doesn’t solely train grammar and vocabulary but additionally the core language expertise via its distinctive collection of video games, quizzes, and content material. This platform can also be learner-centered by way of design and content material. And one of the best half? You’ll be able to strive it out by merely downloading it from the App Retailer and Play Retailer!

Begin proper now, and you’ll by no means remorse studying!

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