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Tuesday, November 28, 2023

The way to Make Songpyeon for Chuseok


The way to make Songpyeon for Chuseok! I share learn how to make them in 5 colours – white, yellow, inexperienced, purple and pink/crimson after which with 3 totally different fillings. Together with directions for steaming 3 methods – on the stovetop, Instantaneous Pot and the Korean pressurized rice cooker!

Songpyeon for Chuseok (Korean Rice Cakes with Pine Needles)
Songpyeon for Chuseok (Korean Rice Desserts with Pine Needles)

Songpyeon for a Blissful Chuseok!

Songpyeon is a particular rice deal with made within the Korean house throughout Chuseok (秋夕) to have fun the 12 months’s harvest and to want each member of the family good well being. Songpyeon is constituted of 100% quick grain rice cake dough that’s full of varied fillings then hand formed and steamed. When steaming, it’s historically steamed on high of a layer of pine needles.

Pine needles 🌲 add a beautiful evergreen aroma and likewise act as a non-stick liner stopping Songpyeon from sticking to the steamer. Moreover, Korean ancestors additionally believed that by steaming the rice muffins with the pine needles, the ‘chi’ of the pine tree will get absorbed into the rice muffins then that ‘chi’ transfers on to the one that eats them, serving to them change into wholesome and robust just like the pine bushes. 😉 🌲

The rice cake dough is by default white however may be coloured and flavored with varied conventional elements like beneath –

Totally different colours of Songpyeon 송편 and the way Koreans naturally shade them

  • Inexperienced  – mugwort powder (Ssuk Garu 쑥가루)
  • Yellow  – pumpkin powder (Danhobak Garu 단호박 가루), gardenia seed pods (Chija 치자) however generally the style generally is a bit unusual after some time
  • Purple – Cockscomb flower (Maendrami 맨드라미), Beets
  • Pink  – Youth berry or magnolia vine (Omija 오미자) aka Schisandra chinensisis is a crimson berry that has 5 flavors, raspberry juice
  • Purple – blueberry juice, purple grapes, purple candy potato

Songpyeon fillings additionally are available a number of varieties.

  • Candy Honey Sesame – crushed sesame seeds combined with honey
  • Mungbeans – mungbeans are steamed then combined with sugar
  • Chestnuts – use canned chestnuts with syrup or common cooked chestnuts
  • Edamame – inexperienced edamame beans are cooked and salted

My husband’s and my favourite filling is the Candy Honey Sesame filling however you’ll be able to strive whichever one or all of them!! ❤️

Story of Songypeon and Chuseok

Earlier than we get began, let’s discuss a bit of bit about Chuseok. Chuseok actually means, “Autumn Night” and it all the time falls on August fifteenth on the lunar calendar which interprets to October 4th within the 12 months of 2017, near autumn equinox. I do know I’m a bit of late for that date right here however I assumed I’d put up the recipe nonetheless…

Chuseok can be referred to as Hangawi 한가위 in Hangeul and it’s the day of the most important full moon. That is additionally harvest time for many crops, particularly Korean rice. So, on this vacation, Koreans make Songypeon, rice, rice wine with new rice crop together with different dishes like fish jeon, meats, namul and fruits.

Then, on the morning of Chuseok, households provide a desk filled with meals to their ancestors by way of a memorial ceremony referred to as Charye 차례.  So, earlier than Chuseok, Koreans return to their hometowns to pay respects to their ancestors for a bountiful harvest. This was additionally a time for the entire prolonged household to be collectively, very similar to the custom of American Thanksgiving. For some households, this Charye custom was strictly noticed and handed on for generations.

For different households, particularly Christian households like ours, the custom of Charye sort of disappeared over time. Since my grandparents on each side thought of this to be equal to having idols aside from God.

However we nonetheless made Songypeon yearly and I bear in mind the adults telling me that if I made fairly Songpyeon I’d have a gorgeous daughter once I obtained married. I didn’t actually take into consideration having youngsters and even getting married again then so it actually didn’t imply something to me however I do bear in mind being completely satisfied about listening to compliments that my Songpyeon was fairly wanting. 😝 

I additionally bear in mind being full of pleasure and happiness, being along with my household, making Songypeon whereas smelling the splendidly fragrant odor of pine tree needles steaming along with our rice muffins.💕

Rice Flour-Tteok Ssal Garu for making Korean Rice Cakes
Rice Flour-Tteok Ssal Garu for making Korean Rice Desserts

The way to make Rice Flour for Rice Desserts or Tteok (aka Ssalgaru or Maepssalgaru)

When you want or need to make contemporary rice flour at house to make Songpyeon or different Korean tteok, click on on the hyperlink above to see how one can make your individual moist rice flour at house.

For extra about different recipes for Chuseok and learn how to set the Jesa Desk, try my put up on 9 Chuseok recipes with Jesa Desk setting information.

Songypeon (Korean Half Moon Rice Cake) Recipe

for five colours, 2 fillings and three methods to cook dinner (range high, on the spot pot, rice cooker)

Servings: 10 (60 items)     Prep Time: 6 hrs         Cooking Time: 20 min         Problem: Medium

Components

*Observe, to make 4 cups contemporary rice cake flour, you want 2 cups of quick grain rice (see my rice cake flour put up for recipe)

  • For Fundamental White dough:
    • 2 cup frozen moist rice flour or contemporary do-it-yourself rice cake flour
    • 4 Tbs + 2 tsp boiling water (much less for do-it-yourself flour)
  • For Yellow dough:
    • 2 cup frozen moist rice flour or contemporary do-it-yourself rice cake flour
    • 50 g Kabocha squash, cooked
    • 4 Tbs boiling water
  • For Inexperienced dough:
    • 2 cup frozen moist rice flour or contemporary do-it-yourself rice cake flour
    • 2 1/2 tsp matcha tea powder
    • 4 Tbs + 1 tsp boiling water
  • For Purple dough:
    • 2 cup frozen moist rice flour or contemporary do-it-yourself rice cake flour
    • 3~4 Tbs cooked blueberry juice (1/4 cup blueberries + 1/4 cup water, mix then microwave for 45 sec then pressure. will produce greater than you want)
  • For Pink dough:
    • 2 cup frozen moist rice flour or contemporary do-it-yourself rice cake flour
    • 4 Tbs scorching omija tea water or hibiscus tea
  • sesame filling
    • 1/2 cup roasted sesame seeds
    • 2 Tbs honey
    • 1/8 tsp sea salt
    • 1/2 to 1 tsp sugar (non-obligatory – in case you like candy)
  • mung bean filling
    • 1/3 cup dry mung beans, pores and skin eliminated
    • sea salt (1/8 tsp to 1/4 tsp per 1/2 cup cooked), TJ’s wonderful sea salt
    • 2 Tbs honey (non-obligatory)
  • sesame oil
  • contemporary pine needles, rinsed (non-obligatory)

Tools wanted

  • steamer – bamboo steamer works greatest however a stainless steamer additionally works OR Instantaneous Pot OR Rice Cooker with Steam perform
  • a silicone or cheesecloth liner for the steamer if no pine needles
  1. If utilizing frozen rice powder for rice muffins, thaw to room temperature. When you can’t purchase one, you may make at house, observe my recipe for learn how to make contemporary rice powder for rice muffins at house.
  2. Soak dry mung beans in water for 2-3 hrs. If mung beans have lots of pores and skin, it’s possible you’ll have to soak longer.
mung beans soaking water songpyeon
mung beans soaking water songpyeon
  • When mung beans are absolutely soaked, rub beans with fingers to take away as a lot pores and skin as doable. Drain high water away with the skins (as they are going to float to high). Add water once more and repeat if vital. Strive to not rinse too many occasions although as each time you try this, the flavour will get washed out. No have to take away each single outer pores and skin however as a lot as you’ll be able to.
  • Get a steamer prepared and steam the mung beans for 15 min till they’re gentle and crushes simply.
  • Use a blender to coarsely chop mung beans. You may season with salt just for probably the most conventional style or add honey for a sweeter taste.
  • mung bean filling with honey and salt for songpyeon
    mung bean filling with honey and salt for songpyeon
  • Crush sesame seeds utilizing a mortar and pestle. You don’t have to crush all seeds, nearly half in order that the flavour is launched.
  • crushing sesame seeds for filling
    crushing sesame seeds for filling
  • Combine with honey, pinch of salt and put aside.  Add extra honey and sugar for further sweetness.
  • Make white dough:
    • In a bowl, add 2 cup rice flour. Add 4 Tbs scorching boiling water and blend with spoon. As soon as it’s cooled a bit, knead dough with hand.
  • making white rice flour dough for songpyeon
    making white rice flour dough for songpyeon
  • Knead dough with the heel of your hand for jiffy. (5 min or so). Add about 2 tsp boiling water, roughly relying on the dryness of the powder.  The dough shouldn’t break simply but in addition not be so moist that it doesn’t maintain form.
  • Cowl with a moist towel or plastic wrap. Let it relaxation for jiffy.
  • For yellow dough:
    • Peel the outer pores and skin of Kabocha squash and lower skinny items weighing about 50 grams.
    • Prepare dinner squash within the microwave for 40 ~ 50 sec or so till absolutely gentle.
    • In a bowl, add 2 cup rice flour. Add cooked Kabocha by urgent it towards a sieve for greatest outcomes.
  • Kabocha squash crushed for yellow songpyeon
    Kabocha squash crushed for yellow songpyeon
    kabocha squash pressed against sieve
    kabocha squash pressed towards sieve
    Kabocha squash and rice flour makes yellow songpyeon dough
    Kabocha squash and rice flour makes yellow songpyeon dough
  • Add 3 Tbs boiling water. Combine with spoon after which together with your fingers to kind a dough.
  • Knead the dough with heel of your hand for jiffy.
  • Yellow Dough Songpyeon (Korean Rice Cake for Chuseok)
    Yellow Dough Songpyeon (Korean Rice Cake for Chuseok)
  • Yellow Rice Dough with Kabocha for Songpyeon_

    Yellow Rice Dough with Kabocha for Songpyeon_

  • Cowl with moist towel or plastic wrap. Let it relaxation.
  • For inexperienced dough:
    • In a bowl, add 2 cup rice flour and a couple of 1/2 tsp matcha powder or mugwort powder. Add extra for darker inexperienced shade.
    • Add 4 Tbs boiling water. Combine with spoon after which together with your fingers to kind a dough.
    • Knead the dough with heel of your hand for jiffy. Add 1 tsp or extra water as wanted.
    • Cowl with moist towel or plastic. Let it relaxation.
  • For purple dough:
  • step by step pics of blending blueberries and making purple dough
    Purple dough with blueberries
    • In a small blender, mix 1/4 cup blueberries and a couple of Tbs water. 
    • Microwave blended blueberry juice for 25-30 seconds till it boils and is cooked.
    • Pressure the new blueberry juice right into a bowl. It ought to make about 3 Tbs. Reheat the juice within the microwave for 15 seconds till it simply begins to bubble.
    • Add 2 cups rice flour into the bowl with the new blueberry juice. Combine and knead the dough. Dough ought to be nonetheless a bit too dry. (as proven above)
    • Add about 1.5 to 2 tsp of scorching boiling water. Knead once more till shade is evenly combined and appears clean like this –
    finished purple songpyeon tteok dough ball on my hand
    completed purple tteok dough

    Cowl with moist towel or plastic wrap. Let it relaxation.

  • For Pink Dough – make precisely the identical manner as making purple dough however simply use raspberries as an alternative of blueberries
  • Setup a station with all of the fillings and doughs collectively. Put together a small bowl of water. Put together a tray with cowl (plastic wrap or tin foil) for the Songpyeon.
  • First, make a 1 inch or barely larger ball with dough in your hand. Then press down the middle to kind a bit of bowl together with your fingers. If it begins to crack an excessive amount of, dip your finger within the water bowl and add a bit of extra water to the dough. Repeat once more.
  • Fill the bowl with a filling – ensure you high it off.
  • Then flippantly pinch edges to make a half moon formed Songpyeon rice cake.
  • Place Songpyeon on the tray ensuring they don’t seem to be touching one another. Preserve it lined.
  • Repeat with totally different shade dough and totally different filling.
  • Layer backside of steamer with pine needles. When you can’t discover pine needles, you’ll be able to simply use a silicon mat or cheese material.
  • Place Songpyeon within the steamer. Shut the lid and steam for 12 minutes.
  • Songpyeon ready for steaming
    Songpyeon prepared for steaming
  • 3 WAYS to STEAM
    • STOVETOP – shut the lid and steam for 12 minutes.
    • INSTANT POT – add 1 cup of water (for six QT, 2 cups for 8 QT, 1/2 cup for 3 QT mini), then use a silicone steamer basket to steam. Shut lid, lock valve, choose Steam perform for 12 minutes. Guide Launch after it’s carried out.
    • Pressurized Rice Cooker – I exploit Cuckoo which has a steam perform. It’s labeled as Multi-Prepare dinner in English. Add 1 cup water and use a silicone steamer basket. Shut and lock lid, choose STEAM (or Multi-Prepare dinner perform for Cuckoo) for 20 minutes (this was minimal time).
  • Put together 2 bowls, a tong and sesame oil. Fill one with chilly water.
  • When steaming is finished, let it cool for 2-3 minutes for range high however for Instantaneous Pot or rice cooker, you’ll be able to open instantly. Right here is how they give the impression of being after cooked. Discover the change of shade – how vibrant they’re!
  • Songpyeon finished steaming
    Songpyeon completed steaming
  • Utilizing a tong, choose up rice muffins and drop them within the chilly water tub for a fast rinse and to take away any caught pine needles.
  • Songpyeon in Cold water bath
    Songpyeon in Chilly water tub
  • Switch rinsed rice muffins right into a colander to empty. Shortly add drained rice muffins to a bowl, drizzle flippantly with sesame oil. Toss to coat Songpyeon evenly with oil.
  • Serve heat.
  • Songpyeon Rice Cakes for Chuseok in colors
    Songpyeon Rice Desserts for Chuseok in colours
    Songpyeon Chuseok Rice Cakes
    Songpyeon Chuseok Rice Desserts

    Right here’s my newest video on learn how to make Songypeon.

    Right here’s a enjoyable video of learn how to make flower and pumpkin formed Songpyeon. Strive making some Jack O’ Lantern and Cranium ones for Halloween!

    FAQ and NOTES

    • Is Korean Tteok Rice Powder the identical as common dry Rice Flour? NO. Rice powder used for Korean tteok is powder floor at a Korean gristmill (방앗간 Bangaht Ghan). Additionally referred to as 멥쌀가루 Maepssal Garu, this powder is constituted of soaked moist rice and so nonetheless retains a specific amount of moisture. And thus, it could possibly solely be saved frozen. Additionally it is customary to have salt added to the rice when it’s floor to powder.
    • The place can I purchase Korean Tteok Rice Powder for Songpyeon? You should purchase frozen Tteok Ssal Garu (Rice Powder) from most large Korean grocery shops. When you stay close to a giant Korea city, there could also be a Korean gristmill close by or you’ll be able to go to a Tteok retailer and ask if they’ll promote you some. However you may also make them at house. I made Songpyeon on this put up with my very own do-it-yourself rice powder and it got here out fairly good however I’ve to say it’s NOT the identical as those you make with the rice powder you get from a Korean gristmill. Right here’s a put up the place I discuss learn how to make Tteok Ssal Garu/Ssal Garu/Korean Rice Powder for Tteok at house.
    • Storing leftovers – you’ll be able to retailer leftovers by freezing them after which re-streaming them. You may also freeze raw Songpyeon and steam it later too. See recipe card notes for precise cooking occasions for IP.
    • Do NOT microwave when reheating – it would get rock laborious proper after! 😵 😩
    • 2 cups contemporary rice flour weighs about 250 – 260 grams

    Songpyeon – Korean Rice Cake for Chuseok

    Songpyeon is a particular rice deal with made within the Korean house throughout Chuseok (秋夕) to have fun the 12 months’s harvest and to want each member of the family good well being. Songpyeon is constituted of 100% quick grain rice cake dough that’s full of varied fillings then hand formed and steamed. Consists of directions for Instantaneous Pot and Rice Cooker. Makes complete 80 items, with 4 piece per serving beneath.

    serves: 20

    Components

    Purple Dough (similar as Pink Dough besides use blueberries as an alternative of raspberries)

    Directions

    Make Fundamental White Songpyeon Tteok Dough

    • In a bowl, add 2 cup rice powder. Add 4 Tbs scorching boiling water and blend with spoon. As soon as it’s cooled a bit, knead dough with hand.

    • Knead the dough with the heel of your hand for jiffy. (5 min is sweet). Add 2 tsp boiling water, roughly relying on the dryness of the powder. Dough shouldn’t break simply but in addition not be so moist that it doesn’t maintain form.

    • Cowl with a moist towel or plastic wrap. Let it relaxation for jiffy.

    For Yellow Dough (Kabocha Squash)

    For Inexperienced Dough (Ssuk/Mugwort)

    • In a bowl, add 2 cup rice powder and a couple of 1/2 tsp matcha powder or mugwort powder. Add extra for darker inexperienced shade.

    • Add 4 Tbs boiling water. Combine with spoon after which together with your fingers to kind a dough.

    • Knead the dough with heel of your hand for jiffy. Add 1 tsp or extra water as wanted.

    • Cowl with moist towel or plastic. Let it relaxation.

    For Purple Dough (blueberry)

    For Pink Dough (raspberry)

    • Measure 2 cups rice flour. Put aside. Boil water and have it prepared.

    • Mix 1/4 cup raspberries with 2 Tbs water. Microwave for 25 – 30 secs till it boils and bubbles up. Pressure scorching raspberry juice right into a microwavable mixing bowl. Ought to make about 3 Tbs.

    • Reheat (as a result of after straining, juice can have cooled) the strained juice within the microwave for an additional 10-15 secs till it simply begins to bubble up. Take it out of the microwave and rapidly add the two cups of rice flour. Combine with a spoon after which knead by hand.

    • As soon as it types a dry and crumbly dough, add 1.5 to 2 tsp of HOT boiling water. Knead once more. Alter water quantity to get playdough like consistency. Wrap with plastic wrap and relaxation for jiffy till prepared to make use of.

    Let’s make some Songpyeon –

    • Setup a station with all of the fillings and doughs collectively. Put together a small bowl of water and sesame oil. Put together a tray with cowl for the Songpyeon.

    • For every Songpyeon, make a 1 inch or barely larger little balls together with your hand.

    • Then press down the middle to kind a bit of bowl together with your fingers. If it begins to crack an excessive amount of, dip your finger within the water bowl and add a bit of extra water to the dough. Repeat once more.

    • Fill the bowl with a filling – ensure you high it off.

    • Then shut up edges to make a half moon formed dumpling sort of a factor. Place on tray ensuring they don’t contact one another. Preserve it lined.

    • Repeat with totally different shade dough and totally different filling.

    • Layer backside of steamer with pine needles. Place Songpyeon within the steamer.

    Range Prime

    • Add 1 1/2 cup water to pot. Put within the steamer, line it with cheese material or pine needsle,lay the songpyeon, cowl and steam for 12 minutes.

    Instantaneous Pot

    • Add 1 cup water to pot. Insert a silicon steamer basket or I simply used a silicone steamer liner on high of the steamer insert that comes with Instantaneous Pot. You probably have pine needles, layer that first after which place the songypeon. If not, use a cheesecloth or steam mat with songpyeon, shut lid, seal valve then choose STEAM perform for 12 minutes. When cooked, Guide Relase and open.

    Korean Rice Cooker (the costly multi-function, pressurized variety)

    • Add 1 cup water to rice cooker. Put in a steamer basket or silicon steam liner to pot with songpyeon. Shut lid, choose Steam perform (for my Cuckoo, it is Multi-Prepare dinner) for 20 minutes.

    When all cooked –

    • Put together 2 bowls, tong and sesame oil. Fill one bowl with chilly water.

    • When Songpyeon is cooked, flip off warmth and let it cool within the steamer for 2-3 minutes. For Instantaneous Pot and Rice Cooker, you’ll be able to simply open instantly.

    • Utilizing a tong, choose up rice muffins and drop them within the chilly water for a fast rinse and to take away any caught pine needles.

    • Switch rinsed rice muffins right into a colander to empty. Shortly (whereas it is nonetheless scorching) add drained rice muffins to a bowl, drizzle sesame oil. Toss to coat Songpyeon evenly. This means of chilly water tub and coating with oil helps Songpyeon to stay moist and from sticking to one another.
    • Serve heat or at room temp.

    Ideas & Notes:

    • Utilizing boiling scorching water and kneading makes the dough chewy when completed. Additionally, extra moist dough makes a softer tteok however makes it laborious to form. 
    • Alter the quantity of boiling water or the dough. Recent do-it-yourself rice flour will likely be moister than frozen store-bought ones. Begin with much less liquid for contemporary flour. Add a bit of little bit of water at a time and regulate as you go.
    • Storing and Reheating – you’ll be able to retailer leftovers by refrigerating or freezing them after which re-steaming them. You may also freeze raw Songpyeon and steam it later. When freezing raw ones, freeze them separated on a tray first in order that they don’t stick to one another after which freeze them in a bag.
    • REHEAT in Instantaneous Pot – STEAM for two min for cooked + refrigerated, 5 min for cooked + frozen
    • Cooking from FROZEN – for Instantaneous Pot, STEAM raw, frozen tteok for 15 min as an alternative of 12 min.
    • Do NOT microwave Songpyeon – it would get rock laborious proper after!
    • Serve with some further honey in case you prefer it candy!

    Vitamin Info:

    Energy: 293kcal (15%)| Carbohydrates: 58g (19%)| Protein: 5g (10%)| Fats: 4g (6%)| Saturated Fats: 1g (6%)| Sodium: 38mg (2%)| Potassium: 109mg (3%)| Fiber: 3g (13%)| Sugar: 4g (4%)| Vitamin A: 62IU (1%)| Vitamin C: 1mg (1%)| Calcium: 47mg (5%)| Iron: 1mg (6%)



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